Historical Facts

Born in the Colombian city of Cartagena de Indias, the doctor Manuel Amador Guerrero came to Panama to develop his profession as a medical intern in the provinces of Colón, Santiago, and Panama. 

On April 15, 1856, an man named Jack Olivier, visibly intoxicated, along with three or four other fellow Americans, decided to buy a slice of watermelon from José Manuel Luna. Olivier proveeded to eat it, but then refused to pay its cost of a real (5 U.S. cents). This caused a big argument, which ended when Olivier pulled out a gun, shot a local man, and then fled the scene.

Lorenzo was a popular commander who led guerrillas against the Conservative government starting in October 1900. After the defeat of the Liberals at Calidonia Bridge, he set up barracks at Negrita (Coclé) and from there ventured to overtake various villages in the countryside and fight the government on the railway.


José Agustín Arango 

José Agustín Arango was born in Panama City on February 24, 1841, to a Cuban father and Isthmian mother. He died on May 10, 1909, as Secretary of Foreign Affairs of what is today the Republic of Panama, which was born of his spirit and efforts.

Panama's national flower is the orchid known as the Flower of the Holy Spirit, whose scientific name is Peristeria Elata. A small white dove with open wings that appears in the center of its petals makes this orchid particularly charming.

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