Panama has a tropical climate. Temperatures are relatively high and vary little throughout the year. The temperatures are usually lower on the Pacific than on the Caribbean coast.
Panama City: temperatures range from 24° C (75.2° F) to 35° C (95° F).
Highlands: temperatures are usually lower and more constant, hovering around 23° C (73.4° F).
Beaches: temperatures are hot, averaging 31° C (87.8° F).
Climate by Province:
A mild climate is characteristic of the province's mountainous areas, fully enjoyed in Cerro Punta, Volcán, and Boquete, where temperatures reach 15° C (59° F). In these highlands, rainfall is abundant, with nearly nine months of precipitation a year. The diverse climate and fertile soil make Chiriquíone of the most productive provinces of the country. Among the signature crops in the region are Boquete's coffee and oranges and Cerro Punta's strawberries.
Veraguas has a tropical humid climate in the lowlands and a very humid temperate climate in the higher elevations along the mountain range. The lowest average temperatures in the province are 22º C (71.6º F) in the highlands, and the highest average temperatures are 27° C (80.6° F) in the lowlands.
Los Santos Province
The province of Los Santos has a tropical savanna climate that produces dry premontane forest, premontane rain forest, and tropical dry forest along the coasts. However, completely different microclimates can be found in the highlands, such as the hills Cerro Canajagua and Cerro Hoya.
Herrera's climate is varied, spanning wet to temperate zones. A more temperate climate dominates the mountainous areas of Cerro de Tijera, Cerro de Peñón, Cerro Largo, Cerro del Ñuco, and La Loma. The plains of Santa María and Ocú, as well as coastal areas such as the city of Chitré, present a humid climate.
A large part of the topography of Cocléis lowlands, which have an arid climate. In the highlands, where the central mountain range of the isthmus runs across the north of the province, both humid and arid climates can be found. Wide rivers cross these territories, whose sources can be traced to the mountains and southern flank of the Valle de Antón.
A tropical humid climate, and the corresponding natural diversity of flora and fauna, identifies this region, which is caused by the Atlantic Ocean, the entrance to the Panama Canal. A Duty-Free Zone and cruise port are part of the attractions to enjoy on a summer afternoon stroll through the area's colonial landscape.
The Darién is a very humid and rainy region. This factor, along with a low human population, is critical for conservation of fauna and flora in one of the most ecologically diverse regions of our planet.
Its jungle, declared a Biosphere Reserve and National Park, is also known as the Darién Gap or the Panamanian Amazon. This is the largest park in Panama and the second biggest in Central America. It additionally provides a biological corridor where tropical and nearctic species can intermingle.
Bocas del Toro Province
In the hot, tropical climate of Bocas del Toro, the predominant temperature is from 30° C to 35° C, with a minimum of 18° C. Nearly the entire province has this tropical, very humid climate, though in the highlands the climate is temperate.