The very first step, before putting on any jewelry or adornments, is the hairdo.
Make a part down the middle of the head and put the hair into two pigtails above the ears. Braid each one, wind them up, and secure into a bun. Now proceed to insert the hair ornaments, first the hair comb in the back of the head, then the side hair combs, and finally the headdress.
Earrings may be made out of gold with precious stones in varying colors and sizes, such as ruby, emerald, or topaz.
The most popular earrings for women wearing a pollera are a tri-hoop made of jet (Zarcillos), a pendant of small coins shaped like a closed eye (Dormilonas), a pearl-drop decorated mostly with cultivated pearls (Mosquetas), and golden hoops made of pearls, coral and traditional goldsmith design (Tangos).
The neck is embraced with a "bone-cover" necklace or choker.
The pollera-wearer delicately and simply covers her clavicle bone by wearing a gold medallion or cross, which is strung through a velvet or black satin ribbon for the Montuna polleras.
The gold choker is adorned with hearts and very delicate butterflies decorated with pearls and filigree gold.
To decorate the pollera blouse and chest, there are several delicate pieces that resemble those worn by the Spaniards during the colonial era.
The cadena chata, which includes the cross of Caravaca, is a delicate chain with golden filigree decorations, the rosary can be made of pearls or other stones, and the showy cabestrillo has an ornament the size of a large golden coin and imprinted with a shield. Interestingly, the witch chain is known for springing open once it is moved.
Additional necklace options include the ducktail scapular, the open cord, the Solomonic chain, the single chain, the chains of charms, and the half orange chain. All are imbued with meaning and have a specific placement that allows for appreciation of each necklace's length, inlays, pearls, and designs, among other features.
Accessories for the Pollera
Additional accessories include buttons on the petticoats, bracelets that usually match the haircombs, and golden buckles and brooches to fasten the multiple chains and cords resting on the pollera costume.
Several different jewelry pieces accompany the pollera and are worn on the head, ears, neck, chest, and to adorn the dress itself.
Ornamental hair combs made of gold with a straight or oval cut and frequently decorated with pearls or sparkly gemstones frame the lady's crown.
Other major golden jewelry pieces for the head are: smaller hair combs, a palm-leaf dagger to one side of the head, and small patches or "golden thoughts" on the temples.
To top it all off, an elaborate hair adornment customarily wraps her head in a flexible floral wreath made of shiny metal, satin, fish scales, pearls, and colored glass or plastic beads. When the woman dances, this tembleque will delicately tremble along and imitate the natural movement of carnations and other countryside flowers.
In addition to such popular floral designs as guate flower, bride's bouquet, and white musk roses, the headdress may imitate animals like the scorpion or dragonfly, or represent other original designs inspired from nature.
Given its narrowness and shape of the letter "S" on its side, Panama is the only place in the world where the sun rises over the Pacific and sets on the Caribbean side. To best enjoy this phenomenon, go up to Jefe Hill (1,000 meters above sea level) on the border of Chagres National Park, about one and a half hours from Panama City.
Sure! One of the many surprises Panama has in store for you is being able to go fishing in its capital city, located on the shores of the Pacific Ocean. In fact, 'Panama' in the Indian language means 'abundance of fish'.