With nearly 1,000 bird species, from the tiny Volcano Hummingbird in the west to the stolid Harpy Eagle, the largest bird of prey on the continent with a history of prominence among the ancient deities, in the east, AND five areas of endemism, Panama is a world-class destination for bird watching! Over one third of Panama is dedicated National Park land, providing habitat to some of the most sought after species including; the Resplendent Quetzal, the Three-wattled Bellbird, Sapayoa, Brown-backed Dove, Great-green Macaw, Black-tipped Cotinga, and the endemic Coiba Spinetail. The millions of shorebirds and seabirds that flock to the bay of Panama are another unforgettable source of awe whether you are an avid birder or not. Each year 3 million raptors soar over Panama City, the display of which is the greatest hawk migration in the world. With a modern infrastructure that allows for travel in style and comfort, Panama is the perfect destination for a birding vacation.
Among the migratory birds that have been counted in Panama there are many different rare species, such as: the Purple-Capped Hummingbird (Colibri Copetivioleta), Tody Motmot (Momoto Enano), Sapayoa aenigma (Sapayoa Cabezón Ondeando). Many species are endemic or have a restricted distribution range, such as the Costa Rican Dove Partridge (Paloma Perdiz Costarricense), Megascops Clarkii (Atillo Serrano), Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker (Carpintero Carirayado), Silvery-fronted Tapaculo (tapaculo frentiplateado), Tangara de Monte (sooty-capped bush tanager), Black-tighed Grosbeak (Muslinegro), Black Oropendola (oropendola negro), migratory shorebirds Long-billed Curlew (Zarapito Piquilargo), Red Sandpipers (Playero Rojo), Crested Eagle (Aguila crestada), Uniform Crake (Rascon unicolor), Maroon-chested Ground-Dove (Tortolita Serrana) and the Scarlet Macaw (Guacamaya Roja), to name a few. Two individuals of Whistling Herons (Garza Silbadora), a species that has moved to Panama, from South America, have also been registered.
In Panama, birds are also sighted in more than 10 protected and surrounding areas, such as La Amistad International Park, Baru Volcano park, Santa Fe, El Copé, Coiba, Campana, San Lorenzo, Camino de Cruces, and Soberanía, with its world-renowned trails: Pipeline Road and Plantation Road and Darien. Other areas include the wetlands, Bay of Panama, the Metropolitan Natural Park, and Cerro Ancón.